The transfer of the capital of Russia to the Far East

Discussion of the project of the transfer of the capital of Russia to another place in Moscow caused great interest among the residents of the country and from the public arena gradually turns into a political one.

More and more influential politicians and public figures express their views on this issue, and among them supporters of the transfer are the overwhelming majority.
The most complete overview of the opinions of Russian politicians is available on the website "Business Quarter".

Arnold Tulokhonov, Senator of the Federation Council from the Republic of Buryatia, put forward the idea of transferring the capital from Moscow to Yekaterinburg or Novosibirsk. "Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg - any city. We must take the capital from Moscow. In Moscow, this can not be done, it is obsolete. The capital should be in the middle, so that it would not be convenient for the officials, but for the population. Today 75% of traffic is carried through Moscow, and to get from Yakutsk to get to Chita, you have to go through Moscow, "- said the senator. The main factor for the transfer of the capital is economic. According to Tulokhonov, "one can not centralize the economy, one can not centrally manage such a huge country." As a successful example of the transfer of the capital to another city, the senator brought Kazakhstan, where the capital moved from Almaty to Astana.
"Now from Astana in different directions exactly for three hours. And how do we fly from Chukotka to Moscow? "- said the senator.
General director and co-owner of UC Rusal Oleg Deripaska proposed to move the capital to Siberia. "The main decision is to move the capital to Siberia. Moscow is excessive centralization and corruption, "Deripaska said.
The transfer of the capital from Moscow will facilitate, in particular, the integration of Russia with the Asia-Pacific region, and this, he said, is "a matter of survival of the whole country." Krasnoyarsk and Irkutsk could become a new Russian capital, Deripaska suggested.
Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu on air of one of the radio broadcasts also spoke in favor of Siberia and the Far East as regions in which the new Russian capital could be located.
"In general, in an amicable way, many people are talking about this, I'm probably one of them. I believe that the capital must be moved somewhere further, to Siberia. Well, I think so, "said Shoigu.
Mayor of Vladivostok Igor Pushkarev and Mayor of Tomsk Nikolay Nikolaychuk spoke about the transfer of the capital earlier. According to Pushkarev, this would help solve many economic problems in the eastern part of the country, and in addition, according to his observations, countries with capitals in the east are developing better. Nikolaychuk, in turn, noted that Tomsk is located not far from the geographical center of Russia.
"Tomsk is a unique city. And on the scale of Siberia, and on the scale of our entire country. We have the opportunity and desire to fight for the status of the Russian capital. "
The ideal "first city" of Russia could be Magadan, believes the leader of the Liberal Democratic Party Vladimir Zhirinovsky. He is confident that the transfer of the capital from Moscow to the Far East will strengthen Russia's influence on Japan, China, Korea, Indonesia and Australia. At the same time Zhirinovsky admitted that he was not at all intimidated by the potential distancing of the new capital from Europe. According to him, Europe is aging and by the middle of the 21st century it will become a "museum", so you should not worry about it. At the same time, most of those who support the transfer of the capital, doubt that the idea will be supported by Moscow officials. In addition, such a large-scale project will require colossal costs.
Experts and scholars have different views on the idea of moving the capital. Director of the Institute of Demography, Migration and Regional Development in Moscow Yuri Krupnov spoke in 2014 with a report "Siberia - New Central Russia, or How the South of Western Siberia will become the economic center of the planet." In it, Krupnov named a number of Russian cities, suitable for the role of the new capital of Russia: Biysk, Yurga, Novokuznetsk, Barnaul, Kemerovo, Abakan, Omsk, Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk and Tomsk.
Viktor Sarychev, an employee of the Moscow Institute for the Study of Nature of Time, also noted several advantages of moving the Russian capital. First, moving from Moscow would help level the standard of living throughout the country. Secondly, Russia could get closer to the countries of the Asian region, which should be seen as strong and reliable allies.
According to Mikhail Delyagin, director of the Russian Institute for Globalization, if you transfer the capital of Russia, then only in a small Siberian town.
"Moving Moscow officials to major cities with the already established infrastructure will not give the necessary impetus to the development of the region, but will only be a change of scenery," he said.
Chairman of the State Duma Committee for State Construction and Legislation Pavel Krasheninnikov is sure that there are no prerequisites for the transfer of the capital and they are unlikely to appear in the coming decades.
Krasheninnikov noted that "the transfer of any capital is a costly affair," which "is hardly worth doing during a crisis." He recalled that in the history of Russia there have already been cases when the capital was transferred from Moscow to St. Petersburg and back. According to the deputy, then for this there were prerequisites.
Every year, the number of supporters of the transfer of the capital of Russia increases, as evidenced by polls of citizens.
Perhaps in 5-10 years we will witness the beginning of the transfer of the capital of Russia from Moscow, for example, to Blagoveshchensk.